Author Archive

Albert F. Arcarons

Albert is a PhD candidate in the Department of Political and Social Sciences at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. In his doctoral research he combines social stratification, gender, and migration theories to explain labour market inequalities. He is also a Visiting Researcher at the Centre for Demographic Studies (CED) in Barcelona, Spain; and a Research Associate at the International and European Forum on Migration Research (FIERI) in Torino, Italy.

More than two million Catalans voted on October 1st in a referendum on self-determination previously declared illegal by the Spanish constitutional court and violently repressed by the Spanish government led by Mariano Rajoy. The response of the Spanish government has been condemned internationally. For instance, Amnesty International described the action of the Spanish police forces in Catalonia as “excessive and disproportionate”. Despite prohibition and violence, which affected participation and the accurate counting of the votes, the referendum took place thanks mostly to the organisation, efforts, and inventiveness of different sectors of the Catalan civil society. In the thousands, citizens engaged in a strategy of peaceful resistance against the aggression of the central state. The ‘yes’ option won with 90% of …