Author Archive

Christoph Sponsel

Christoph Sponsel is a DPhil student in the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford. His research interests cover the causes, dynamics, and consequences of collective action and political violence, focusing on Latin America. Christoph has several years of working experience in the private sector and holds degrees in economics from Yale, Cambridge, and the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.

Bogotá's Business District

S&P, a global credit rating agency, recently downgraded Colombia’s credit rating to a non-investment grade, implying that Colombian government bonds are now high-risk financial assets. The downgrade hit the country amid a wave of mass unrest. For over a month, Colombians spanning all strata of society protested in large numbers. Sparked initially by opposition to a government-proposed tax reform, which President Ivan Duque soon retracted, protesters expressed diverse demands, including calling for the Duque administration to resign, a series of social and economic reforms, a thorough implementation of Colombia’s 2016 peace agreement, and an end to police brutality. Protesters thus have called for nothing less than a complete overhaul of Colombia’s political and economic system. The protests form part of …