Dr Elizabeth Frazer is head of the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford. Her current research interest is in studying ‘what politics ought to be’ and ‘political virtue’ by way of critical study of the thought of figures including Max Weber, Hannah Arendt, Isaiah Berlin, and also Rousseau and Wollstonecraft. Katharine Millar is a DPhil (PhD) candidate in International Relations at Somerville College, University of Oxford, supervised by Dr. Elizabeth Frazer. In her work, Katharine examines discursive representations of the military – and “Support the Troops” discourses in particular – in relation to the formation of collective identity and the construction and conduct of force-related aspects of foreign and military policy.
Here, they discuss the current status of gendered violence in global conflict zones. They examine whether there have been serious changes in the way the international community recognises and deals with the issue of rape in war and the role that gendered violence plays in modern conflicts. They also discuss how the roles of men, as active agents, and women, as passive victims, in war have been buttressed by current understandings of the use of rape in conflict zones and how this gendered understanding of conflict roles has negative consequences for the movement towards gender equality and the goal of eradicating rape in war.